"The Project for Development of Innovative Climate Resilient Technologies for Monitoring and Controlling of Water Use Efficiency and Impact of Salinization on Crop Productivity and Livelihood in Aral Sea region"
the Aral Sea

The purpose of this study is to explore the resource value of halophytes that can grow in saline environment around the Aral Sea, which has shrunk due to the large amount of water intake by irrigation agriculture such as cotton for many years, and to develop the technology and business model as “Circular Halophytes Mixed Farming (CHMF)” which is sustainable even in small villages in marginal areas. Through water cycle analysis using long-term climate data and earth observation satellite information, the amount of available water resources, evapotranspiration, and crop growth in the target area are estimated, and those information are utilized in daily agricultural production management practices. In doing so, the adaptation capacity to future climate changes will be improved. In addition, optimum combination of crop species is proposed from the viewpoints of resistance to salinity and drought, salt removal ability, and water use efficiency to realize productive and sustainable agriculture through better irrigation and drainage management preventing salt damage progress, saline land reclamation by active cultivation of halophytes, and utilization of halophytes. In this way, a research and education base for saline agriculture will be established locally to systematically train and educate climate change adaptation measures and farmland salinity management.


  • Assist transition to the sustainable agriculture and improve resilience in the river deltas of Uzbekistan (Water / Energy / Food / food security, increased income, climate change)
  • Provide scientific support to IICAS in establishing a education and training system to combat climate change and manage salinity of agricultural lands.
  • Propose a model of agricultural systems suited for agro-forestry, aquaculture; cattle breeding, bio-energy, etc.

Countermeasures for Salinization

Physical removal
     mulching, leaching, scraping, capillary barrier

Chemical removal
    ameliorant (gypsum, gypsum phosphate, sublimed sulfur, sulfuric acid, etc.)

Biological removal(phytoremediation)
    Improving soil quality using plants. Saline lands environmental restoration  using halophytes which can grow on saline soils and uptake salts from soil.

Integration of hydrology, meteorology and biosaline agriculture

Core members


Kenji Tanaka

Kyoto University

Hydrology, hydrometeorology, water resources engineering

Observation and modeling of the water cycle process in various climatic and vegetation zones

Monitoring the land surface state and assessing the impact of climate change on water resources

Kristina Toderich

Tottori University

Physiology and ecology of halophytes
More than 35 years of experience in the field of desert-pasture fodder production and animal husbandry, saline agriculture

Atsushi Higuchi

Chiba University

Satellite climatology, hydrology

analysis of environmental dynamics using various data from earth observation satellites, especially geostationary meteorological satellites.

Takanori Nagano

Kobe University

Irrigation and Drainage, Regional Planning, Remote Sensing

Salinity Damage management for Large Irrigated Lands

Land use and crop diagnostics using time series satellite imageries

Naoko Matsuo

Mie University

Forest Hydrology, Plant Physiology and Ecology, water use and salt tolerance of plant

Clarification of the plant survival strategies in arid and saline conditions.

Clarification of the characteristics of water use, photosynthesis and transpiration of tropical trees.

Hidenari Yasui

The University of Kitakyushu

Environmental Engineering, Biological Wastewater Treatment, Organic Waste Treatment and its Recycle

Over 20 years of business experience on environmental researches and developments including commercialization.

Implementation of various kinds of environmental technologies over developing countries.